Evaluation of the effective indicators on the resilience of urban form and space with an emphasis on flood and surface runoff (Case study: Noor City, Mazandaran province)

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Department of Urbanism, Faculty of Architecture and Urbanism, Art University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran

2 Department of Urban studies, Faculty of Architecture and Urban Studies, Art University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran

3 Department of Urbanism, Danesh Pajoohan Higher Education Institute, Isfahan, Iran


Since the emergence of the concept of urban resilience, this concept has mostly been concerned with urban planning, and resilient urban design approaches have been a less developed field. The current research is of applied type and uses descriptive-analytical methods. This research deals with urban resilience in urban design and focuses on how urban forms affect urban resilience against floods and inundation. In this regard, indicators for evaluating the resilience of urban forms against floods and urban runoff have been explained and these indicators have been measured and evaluated within the scope of the study area of Noor City at the level of neighborhoods and urban blocks to determine the level of resilience of each of them, that should be determined from the research indicators at the level of urban cells. The TOPSIS technique was used for data analysis. The results show that the study area of Noor City is in an unfavorable situation regarding resilience. Based on the evaluation done at the block level, the results indicated that 27.7 hectares of the study area have very low resilience, 62.6 hectares have low resilience, 48.4 hectares have medium resilience, 53 hectares have high resilience, and 16.8 hectares have very resilience. The largest area is related to the low resilience level with 62.6 hectares. In total, 90.3 hectares of the study area have low and very low resilience, which is about 43% of the total studied area.


Main Subjects

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