Microbial corrosion affected by environmental factors in cooling tower of Bandar Abbas power plant

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Chemistry and Process Research Department, Niroo Research Institute (NRI)

2 Chemistry and Process Research Department, Niroo Research Institute

3 Lab. Technician, Chemical and Process Engineering Department, Niroo Research Institute, Tehran, Iran


The water of Persian Gulf, which is currently used as the water in the cooling tower for Bandar Abbas power plant has high alkalinity, conductivity and salinity. The examination of microbial tests for the cooling tower indicates the high concentrations of all kinds of microbial species which is related to the high level of fluoride, sulfate ions and sediments. The TBC shows 104 cfu/ml which is considered a high value.  On the other hand, the presence of magnesium and calcium ions in carbonate form is a reason for the huge amount of hardness. The high level of ions concentration especially chloride and magnesium in the cooling water increase the growth of microbial parameters. Furthermore, the reason of such a huge growth of sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB) is the high concentration of sulfate. Therefore, the solution of reducing the general concentration of ions using methods such as reverse osmosis and ion exchange resins is suggested as the first priority to prevent microbial corrosion. Additionally, chlorination methods are proposed as the second priority due to economic efficiency and high-performance capability. Finally, ozonation method is presented as the third priority due to the higher cost compared to chlorination, high power and the absence of side products. Also, the high concentration of sulfate leads to the activity of SRB bacteria and causes various types of corrosion, and therefore, the use of methods for reducing the concentration and selective removal of sulfate as an effective and priority solution should be considered.


Main Subjects

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