Environmental Education in Iran's Educational System: Analysis of the Primary School Curriculum

Document Type : Research Paper


Department of Education, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Mazandaran, Babolsar, Iran



The aim of the current research is to represent environmental education in the public education system as a step to solve environmental crises.The design of the current research was quantitative and the method was content analysis.The statistical population was primary school books, all books were selected as samples, and a total of 3961 pages were examined. The components and indicators of environmental education were extracted based on previous sources and examined in books.The tool of the current research was a checklist and included the components of protection of natural and human resources and the environment. Content validity was obtained using CVR, which was equal to 0.90 and confirmed, and reliability was obtained based on the agreement coefficient of 0.86. Based on the findings, the greatest amount of attention is paid to natural resource protection indicators related to the importance and preservation of the environment (reducing environmental pollution) and The least amount of attention is related to the index of correct exploitation of non-renewable resources, which has not been paid attention to. The highest amount of attention to human and environmental indicators is also related to the use of private vehicles instead of the public means of transportation and the least amount of attention has been in several indicators such as deforestation, ozone depletion, excessive consumption of disposable materials, increased energy consumption, and nuclear waste. The results show little attention to the field of environment in the primary school curriculum, and this issue is more worrying considering the environmental problems today.


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