Structural Modeling of Physical Components Affecting the Landscape Beauty of Mountainous Villages in Northern Iran Using a Virtual Reality System

Document Type : Research Paper


Department of Architecture, Faculty of the Architecture and Urban Engineering Department, Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University, Tehran, Iran.


The analysis of communities and their physical changes reveals the participation of several variables, some of which are sometimes under the control of the residents and other times not. Villages are targeted by these elements from a variety of perspectives, and one of those perspectives and dimensions is transformation. One of the value concepts of a landscape is beauty, and understanding the mechanisms and processes that control the beauty of a village and the elements that make up a rural landscape, as well as the nature of the interaction between the two elements, can help us understand how such a complicated system works. As a result, this research is exploratory in nature and experimental-survey in terms of data analysis. The information needed for it was gathered by using documentary content analysis. The statistical population of this study is made up of professionals who are given a virtual tour of the surroundings of five fictitious communities utilizing virtual reality technology. Then, they are directly questioned using the Construction Researcher Questionnaire, and the exploratory test of infinite heuristic integration has been utilized with the Eviews program to discover the most crucial signs. The outcomes have been displayed after information retrieved from the structural equation model was analyzed using AMOS software. The route coefficients influenced by visibility, environmental factors, attractiveness, sharpness, and proportions, in that order, make up the traditional model of rural landscape beauty.


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