Investigation of Spatial Distribution of Urban Parks and Site Selections of New Parks Using Fuzzy Logic and Analytical Hierarchic Process (Case Study: Babolsar)



Urban parks have essential role in public welfare. Their role could be observed in personal, socio-economic, environmental and mental wellbeing. Provision of socio-mental needs of citizens and enhancement of social cohesion are contributed to the way of using urban open and green spaces which such issue requires elaborated planning and design. Equal access to parks is an important issue in distribution of parks. This is an essential aspect in the system of leisure for all people as they want to have better access to parks. It is quite clear that an appropriate distribution of urban parks lead to more justice among all different social groups. By accepting that green space is the breathing lungs of a city, then this subject could be fully justified in urban planning. Regarding to this requirement, the aim of present paper is to investigate and the spatial distribution and site selection of urban parks in the city of Babolsar using fuzzy logic and AHP. By studying the city's parks, their distribution, hierarchical order, scale, per capita and the number of parks are investigated in the level of city and region. Therefore, at first the distribution of parks was studied and then by applying analytical hierarchical process and fuzzy logic (FAHP) integrated in ARCGIS the new location of city's new parks were determined. The results revealed that the distribution of parks is inappropriate and the neighborhood of 6 had the highest priority for the establishment of new park.