A Survey of Industrial Solid Waste Management in Tehran Municipality`s 9th zone



In Tehran megacity with 7705036 populations, 7000 tons solid waste a day has been generated in 2008. According to the municipality`s division, Tehran is divided to 22 local zones. Quality and quantity are the basis of planning for hazardous waste management system. In this context, selection a combination of techniques, technology and management program is imperative to achieve purposes of waste managements, environmental protection and control of pollution that caused by hazardous waste. The method of this article has been on the basis of observation and completion of subjective questionnaires distributed among all small and great industrial units. For this purpose list of factory names and addresses was collected. Then a questionnaire was prepared and completed verbal in all units. As next stage hazardous solid waste was categorized due to Basel’s convection. Collected information shows that 4850,568 tons of solid waste per year is generated by 307 industrial units which are located in 9th zone. Meanwhile machineries and equipment factories generate 2282,346 tons of waste per year. Most of the industrial units in this region have a passive approach toward the remarks made by environmental agencies. Among all the industrial units located in this area only one unit is introduced as the green unit, and one industrial unit is acquired ISO 14000 license. It seems that with the aid of integrated solid waste management concept not only the amount of waste is increased but also the industrial development trend will be maintained.