A rural environment is reflect of the historical practices over the time, mutually feedback of human settle, activities nature and include aesthetic quality, environmental function, local knowledge, tradition and customs. But rapid growth of consuming economy and emphases only on functional character without linkage to different environmental socio-cultural and economic condition led to model of design that can not to reproduce their valued in landscape. This process result is unsustainably in rural environment. Sustainable literature introduced deferent aspect of this unsustainably and prevention methods. But less pay attention to nature of operational method. Nature of design is base on dialectic linkage between social and natural systems, holism approach and so on. So design sustainable environment without pay attention to deferent actors, social groups and stockholders and their behaviors is impossible. When design will be reach to its optimal condition that happen in social context with applying participatory methods. Participatory methods are the answer to need of action quality for sustainable environment. Participation can improve condition that affect of sustainable environment. Some sample proved that applying participatory methods can improve result of design and shape new approach in local community to attract in different process of design and implementation. Applying Participatory methods does not mean that solve all problems. Participation has two face of a coin. It has positive impact but can result negative impacts too. Because this function of participation it need to managed and solve inherent conflicts. These articles try to explain participation and rural environment design linkage, positive and negative impacts and its conflicts through some samples.